Design and mechanical evaluation of a novel fiber-reinforced scaffold for meniscus replacement

Authors

  • Eric Balint,

    1. Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
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  • Charles J. Gatt Jr.,

    1. Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
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  • Michael G. Dunn

    Corresponding author
    1. Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
    • Orthopedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
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  • How to cite this article: Balint E, Gatt CJ Jr., Dunn MG. 2012. Design and mechanical evaluation of a novel fiber-reinforced scaffold for meniscus replacement. J Biomed Mater Res Part A 2012:100A:195–202.

Abstract

A fiber-reinforced degradable scaffold for replacement of meniscal tissue was designed, fabricated, and mechanically evaluated. The hypotheses were that (1) the fiber network design would share a portion of compressive loads via the generation of circumferential tensile loads, and (2) the scaffold tensile properties would be similar to those of the meniscus. Two meniscus scaffold designs varying in fiber content (1000 or 500 fibers: MS1000, MS500) underwent cyclic compressive loading up to 100 and 250N, with resultant tensile loads measured at the anterior and posterior anchors. Standard tensile testing was also performed on each device and ovine menisci. Both scaffolds generated tensile loads directly proportional to the applied compressive loads, with MS1000 scaffolds generating approximately twice the tensile loads of MS500 scaffolds. The tensile strength of MS1000 scaffolds was significantly higher than that of the medial and lateral ovine menisci, and approximately twice that of the MS500 scaffolds. The stiffness of MS1000 scaffolds was lower than that of the lateral meniscus, but not statistically different from that of the medial meniscus. These results support our hypotheses that this novel fiber-reinforced scaffold can mimic the tensile and hoop stress behavior of normal meniscal tissue under compressive loading. The circumferential tensile strength and stiffness are appropriate for a meniscus replacement device. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2012.

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