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In vitro and in vivo evaluations on osteogenesis and biodegradability of a β-tricalcium phosphate coated magnesium alloy

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  • How to cite this article: Chai H, Guo L, Wang X, Gao X, Liu K, Fu Y, Guan J, Tan L, Yang K. 2012. In vitro and in vivo evaluations on osteogenesis and biodegradability of a b-tricalcium phosphate coated magnesium alloy. J Biomed Mater Res Part A 2012:100A:293–304.

Abstract

Magnesium (Mg) alloys have been demonstrated to be potential orthopedic implants due to their biodegradability in vivo. To enhance its corrosion resistance and improve its osteogenesis, β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) was coated on a Mg alloy (Mg-3AI-1Zn) by phosphating process. In vitro, the human osteosarcoma cell line (SaOS-2) showed significantly good adherence and proliferation on the surface of the β-TCP coated Mg alloy after 24-h incubation. The growth factor bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) was highly expressed in SaOS-2 cultured with the β-TCP coated Mg alloy by Western blot analysis (p < 0.05). In vivo, the newborn bone at the implant/bone interface was formed at week 1 and matured at week 4 postimplantation. Villous tissue was found at the implant/bone interface at week 12 postimplantation. The contents of phosphorus and calcium on the surface of the β-TCP coated Mg alloy were decreased at week 4 and week 12 postimplantation, respectively. Immunohistochemical analysis of the experiment results demonstrated that the β-TCP coated Mg alloy implants provided a high BMP-2 expression during the first 4 weeks postimplantation. Compared with the naked Mg alloy which was degraded for 33% in vivo, only 17% of the β-TCP coated Mg alloy was degraded at week 12 postimplantation (p < 0.05). The in vitro cell tests showed that the β-TCP coating provided the Mg alloy with a significantly better surface cytocompatibility, and in vivo results also confirmed that the β-TCP coating exhibited greatly improved osteoconductivity and osteogenesis in the early 12 weeks postoperation period. Moreover, in vivo experiment demonstrated that the β-TCP coating layer could slow down the degradation of the naked Mg alloy at the early stage of implantation. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2012.

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