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Keywords:

  • myocardial infarction;
  • transmyocardial revascularization;
  • needle-free injector;
  • chitosan;
  • growth factors

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transmyocardial jet revascularization (TMJR) with chitosan scaffolds retains channel patency and enhances angiogenesis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a canine model. A total of 32 canines were randomly divided into four groups: myocardial infarction (MI), normal saline (NS), chitosan hydrogel (CH), and chitosan plus growth factor (CH + GF) groups. TMJR was performed surgically using a needle-free injector from the epicardium of canines in the NS, CH, and CH + GF groups; channels were filled with NS, CH, and CH + GF, respectively. After 6 weeks, the patency of the channels and angiogenesis around the channels were assessed by hematoxylin–eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, and Masson's trichrome staining. Results suggest that the channels in the CH and CH + GF groups may retain patency with luminal endothelization. Moreover, the vessel densities of the NS, CH, and CH + GF groups were significantly higher than that of the MI group, and that of the CH + GF group was the highest (p < 0.05). This study suggests that TMJR with chitosan scaffolds may help retain transmyocardial channel patency and enhance angiogenesis after AMI in canines. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013.