In this study, gelatin was blended to proprietary noncytotoxic polyurethanes (PU) derived from vegetable oils with different weight ratios, as material for the preparation of novel biomedical products. The PU/gelatin blends were characterized for their morphology through scanning electron microscopy. Mechanical and thermal properties, chemical interactions between components, degradation behavior, surface properties, cell adhesion, and bioactivity were investigated as a function of the protein content. Higher blend miscibility was observed for the amorphous PUs, derived from oleic acid. Properties of PU/gelatin films were strongly influenced by the concentration of gelatin in the films. Gelatin enhanced the hydrophilicity, bioactivity, and cell adhesion of PUs. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013.