Promotion of spinal cord axon regeneration by 3D nanofibrous core–sheath scaffolds
Article first published online: 7 AUG 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
Volume 102, Issue 2, pages 506–513, February 2014
How to Cite
How to cite this article: Promotion of spinal cord axon regeneration by 3D nanofibrous core–sheath scaffolds. J Biomed Mater Res Part A 2014:102A:506–513., , , , . 2014.
- Issue published online: 14 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 7 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 27 MAR 2013 04:56AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 6 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 6 AUG 2012
- 3D core–sheath electrospun scaffold;
- spinal cord;
Since spinal cord injury is a complicated problem, neural tissue repair, and regeneration strategies have received a great deal of attention. In this study, a three−dimensional (3D) nanofibrous core–sheath scaffold with nanorough sheath and aligned core were fabricated by a combined electrospinning method with water vortex and two−nozzle system. In vitro and in vivo biological tests were carried out on the poly(lactic−co−glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds. The cell morphology and proliferation evaluation of nerve cells on 3D PLGA scaffolds were studied. Cells were properly orientated along the aligned fiber direction of the scaffold. In animal studies, adult rats received a complete lateral hemisection at the T9–T10 level. Scaffolds were engrafted to bridge 3 mm defects of 10 adult rat spinal cords; 10 rats were used as controls. For 8 weeks, motor and sensory recovery by open field locomotor scale, narrow beam and tail flick tests were assessed. Locomotor and sensory scores of grafted animals were significantly better than the control group. Histological findings demonstrated that the scaffold supports the axonal regeneration of injured spinal cords and regenerating axons were seen to enter the graft and extend along its length. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 102A: 506–513, 2014.