Wear and fatigue behavior of nano-structured dental resin composites

Authors

  • Cecilia P. Turssi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
    2. Division of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Piracicaba, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
    • Division of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
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  • Jack L. Ferracane,

    1. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Division of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
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  • Lucas L. Ferracane

    1. Department of Restorative Dentistry, Division of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
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Abstract

Theoretically, nano-structured dental resin composites are purported to have increased wear and fatigue resistance compared with microfill composites and may favor the achievement of restoratives with better long-term performance. This study sought to assess the behavior of nano-structured composites resulting from either abrasion and fatigue loading. Ten specimens (12 × 5 × 2.5 mm) were prepared from each of five composites: Ceram-X mono, Filtek Supreme, Grandio, Premise, and Heliomolar (serving as the microfill control). A surface profile was recorded using a three-dimensional profiling system, and the specimens were subjected to 105 cycles of three-body abrasion in the new OHSU oral wear simulator. A second profile was generated and the before and after profiles were fit and analyzed. The volume loss and maximum depth of the wear facet on each specimen were calculated. Another 30 specimens (25 × 2 × 2 mm) were tested for flexural fatigue limit (FFL) in four-point bending via the staircase method. The test was carried out until 104 cycles were completed or until fracturing the specimen. One-way ANOVA and Tukey's test demonstrated greater volumetric loss for Grandio and Ceram-X than that observed for the remaining composites. Kruskal-Wallis and the least significant difference test ascertained that Heliomolar, Grandio, and Supreme showed significantly higher FFL than Ceram-X and Premise. In terms of wear and fatigue resistance, nano-structured composites may perform either similarly or comparatively worse than a microfilled composite. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2006

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