Get access

Fabrication of a biodegradable polysaccharide hydrogel with riboflavin, vitamin B2, as a photo-initiator and L-arginine as coinitiator upon UV irradiation

Authors

  • Sin-Hee Kim,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Clothing and Textiles, The Catholic University of Korea, Wonmi-gu, Gyeonggido 420-743, Korea
    • Department of Clothing and Textiles, The Catholic University of Korea, Wonmi-gu, Gyeonggido 420-743, Korea
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Chih-Chang Chu

    1. Department of Fiber Science and Apparel Design and Biomedical Engineering Program, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-4401
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The objective of this study is to develop a completely natural material based photo-initiation system for fabricating biologically compatible hydrogels, that is, free of any synthetic materials like conventional synthetic photo-initiators. The resulting biodegradable hydrogels would be completely free of conventional toxic synthetic substances. Dextran-based precursor was used as a model system for this study. The natural material based photo-initiation system used riboflavin (vitamin B2) as photo-initiator and L-arginine as a coinitiator. Dextran-methacrylate precursor was prepared to introduce photosensitive unsaturated moieties into dextran for subsequent photo-induced gel formation. Riboflavin alone could not initiate the photo-crosslinking reaction of the dextran methacrylate solution upon UV irradiation. L-arginine, which can act as an electron donor in the photo-initiation process, was used as a coinitiator. The optimum gel formulation conditions in terms of the concentrations of riboflavin and L-arginine as well as different pH media were extensively investigated. The dextran-methacrylate hydrogels were formed well and fast at low riboflavin concentration range (0.2–1 wt %), and L-arginine promoted the photo-initiation at all concentrations. The gelation was promoted most in the neutral pH and the least in the alkaline pH. The turbidity of the dextran-methacrylate hydrogel precursor solution affected the polymerization because UV penetration was significantly hindered as the opacity of the solution increased. The swelling property and structural visualization of the prepared hydrogels were also investigated. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2009

Ancillary