Soft tissue attachment is a major concern for the improved design of dental and maxillofacial implants. This study evaluated the efficacy of mesh structures for soft tissue attachment in a rat percutaneous model. Four kinds of implant specimens were prepared — TI implants made of titanium cylinders, HA implants of hydroxyapatite-coated titanium, TI-Mesh implants with a titanium mesh covering a groove machined around a titanium cylinder, and similar HA-Mesh implants with a hydroxyapatite-coated mesh. These specimens were implanted percutaneously into the skin tissue of rats. The detachments of the implants were examined during the experimental period of 4 weeks. Survived implants were subjected to mechanical tests for the attachment strength and histological examinations. TI and HA implants demonstrated 0% of survival rates, while TI-Mesh and HA-Mesh showed significantly higher rates of 93.3% and 100% respectively. The attachment strengths were 159 ± 47 kPa in the TI-Mesh and 135 ± 16 kPa in the HA-Mesh. Histological observations revealed that collagen fibers originating from surrounding subcutaneous tissues were anchored to the mesh structures of the TI- and HA-Mesh implants. The results demonstrated the efficacy of the mesh structures for the attachment of soft connective tissues to implants. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.