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Keywords:

  • bone regeneration;
  • silicate-substituted calcium phosphate;
  • particle size;
  • animal model

Abstract

Calcium phosphate (CaP) particles as a carrier in an injectable bone filler allows less invasive treatment of bony defects. The effect of changing granule size within a poloxamer filler on the osteointegration of silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (SiCaP) bone substitute materials was investigated in an ovine critical-sized femoral condyle defect model. Treatment group (TG) 1 consisted of SiCaP granules sized 1000–2000 μm in diameter (100 vol %). TG2 investigated a granule size of 250–500 μm (75 vol %), TG3 a granule size of 90–125 μm (75 vol %) and TG4 a granule size of 90–125 μm (50 vol %). Following a 4 and 8 week in vivo period, bone area, bone-implant contact, and remaining implant area were quantified within each defect. At 4 weeks, significantly increased bone formation was measured in TG2 (13.32% ± 1.38%) when compared with all other groups (p = 0.021 in all cases). Bone in contact with the bone substitute surface was also significantly higher in TG2. At 8 weeks most new bone was associated within defects containing the smallest granule size investigated (at the lower volume) (TG4) (42.78 ± 3.36%) however this group was also associated with higher amounts of fragmented SiCaP. These smaller particles were phagocytosed by macrophages and did not appear to have a negative influence on healing. In conclusion, SiCaP granules of 250–500 μm in size may be a more suitable scaffold when used as an injectable bone filler and may be a convenient method for treating bony defects. © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 101B: 902–910, 2013