Get access

Formability and mechanical properties of porous titanium produced by a moldless process

Authors

  • Yoshihito Naito,

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jiyoung Bae,

    1. Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yoritoki Tomotake,

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kenichi Hamada,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    • Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan===

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kenzo Asaoka,

    1. Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Tetsuo Ichikawa

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author

  • How to cite this article: Naito Y, Bae J, Tomotake Y, Hamada K, Asaoka K, Ichikawa T. 2013. Formability and mechanical properties of porous titanium produced by a moldless process. J Biomed Mater Res Part B 2013:101B:1090–1094.

Abstract

Tailor-made porous titanium implants show great promise in both orthopedic and dental applications. However, traditional powder metallurgical processes require a high-cost mold, making them economically unviable for producing unique devices. In this study, a mixture of titanium powder and an inlay wax binder was developed for moldless forming and sintering. The formability of the mixture, the dimensional changes after sintering, and the physical and mechanical properties of the sintered porous titanium were evaluated. A 90:10 wt % mixture of Ti powder and wax binder was created manually at 70°C. After debindering, the specimen was sintered in Ar at 1100°C without any mold for 1, 5, and 10 h. The shrinkage, porosity, absorption ratio, bending and compressive strength, and elastic modulus were measured. The bending strength (135–356 MPa), compression strength (178–1226 MPa), and elastic modulus (24–54 GPa) increased with sintering time; the shrinkage also increased, whereas the porosity (from 37.1 to 29.7%) and absorption ratio decreased. The high formability of the binder/metal powder mixture presents a clear advantage for fabricating tailor-made bone and hard tissue substitution units. Moreover, the sintered compacts showed high strength and an elastic modulus comparable to that of cortical bone. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.

Ancillary