• 1
    Christiansen P, Steiniche T, Vesterby A, Mosekilde L, Hessov I, Melsen F. Primary hyperparathyroidism: iliac crest trabecular bone volume, structure, remodeling, and balance evaluated by histomorphometric methods. Bone. 1992; 13(1): 419.
  • 2
    Christiansen P, Steiniche T, Brockstedt H, Mosekilde L, Hessov I, Melsen F. Primary hyperparathyroidism: iliac crest cortical thickness, structure, and remodeling evaluated by histomorphometric methods. Bone. 1993 Sep-Oct; 14(5): 75562.
  • 3
    Dempster DW, Parisien M, Silverberg SJ, Liang XG, Schnitzer M, Shen V, Shane E, Kimmel DB, Recker R, Lindsay R, et al. On the mechanism of cancellous bone preservation in postmenopausal women with mild primary hyperparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 May; 84(5): 15626.
  • 4
    Eriksen EF, Mosekilde L, Melsen F. Trabecular bone remodeling and balance in primary hyperparathyroidism. Bone. 1986; 7(3): 21321.
  • 5
    Parisien M, Silverberg SJ, Shane E, de la Cruz L, Lindsay R, Bilezikian JP, Dempster DW. The histomorphometry of bone in primary hyperparathyroidism: preservation of cancellous bone structure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Apr; 70(4): 9308.
  • 6
    Dempster DW, Muller R, Zhou H, Kohler T, Shane E, Parisien M, Silverberg SJ, Bilezikian JP. Preserved three-dimensional cancellous bone structure in mild primary hyperparathyroidism. Bone. 2007 Jul; 41(1): 1924.
  • 7
    Silverberg SJ, Shane E, de la Cruz L, Dempster DW, Feldman F, Seldin D, Jacobs TP, Siris ES, Cafferty M, Parisien MV, Lindsay R, Clemens TL, Bilezikian JP. Skeletal disease in primary hyperparathyroidism. J Bone Miner Res. 1989 Jun; 4(3): 28391.
  • 8
    Uchiyama T, Tanizawa T, Ito A, Endo N, Takahashi HE. Microstructure of the trabecula and cortex of iliac bone in primary hyperparathyroidism patients determined using histomorphometry and node-strut analysis. J Bone Miner Metab. 1999; 17(4): 2838.
  • 9
    Brockstedt H, Christiansen P, Mosekilde L, Melsen F. Reconstruction of cortical bone remodeling in untreated primary hyperparathyroidism and following surgery. Bone. 1995 Jan; 16(1): 10917.
  • 10
    Chen Q, Kaji H, Iu MF, Nomura R, Sowa H, Yamauchi M, Tsukamoto T, Sugimoto T, Chihara K. Effects of an excess and a deficiency of endogenous parathyroid hormone on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry determined by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in female subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Oct; 88(10): 46558.
  • 11
    Charopoulos I, Tournis S, Trovas G, Raptou P, Kaldrymides P, Skarandavos G, Katsalira K, Lyritis GP. Effect of primary hyperparathyroidism on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 May; 91(5): 174853.
  • 12
    Adami S, Braga V, Squaranti R, Rossini M, Gatti D, Zamberlan N. Bone measurements in asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism. Bone. 1998 May; 22(5): 56570.
  • 13
    Parfitt AM. Parathyroid hormone and periosteal bone expansion. J Bone Miner Res. 2002 Oct; 17(10): 17413.
  • 14
    Khosla S, Melton LJ III, Wermers RA, Crowson CS, O'Fallon W, Riggs B. Primary hyperparathyroidism and the risk of fracture: a population-based study. J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Oct; 14(10): 17007.
  • 15
    Vestergaard P, Mollerup CL, Frokjaer VG, Christiansen P, Blichert-Toft M, Mosekilde L. Cohort study of risk of fracture before and after surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism. BMJ. 2000 Sep 9; 321(7261): 598602.
  • 16
    Sankaran S, Gamble G, Bolland M, Reid IR, Grey A. Skeletal effects of interventions in mild primary hyperparathyroidism: a meta-analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Apr; 95(4): 165362.
  • 17
    Christiansen P, Steiniche T, Mosekilde L, Hessov I, Melsen F. Primary hyperparathyroidism: changes in trabecular bone remodeling following surgical treatment—evaluated by histomorphometric methods. Bone. 1990; 11(2): 759.
  • 18
    Steiniche T, Christiansen P, Vesterby A, Ullerup R, Hessov I, Mosekilde LE, Melsen F. Primary hyperparathyroidism: bone structure, balance, and remodeling before and 3 years after surgical treatment. Bone. 2000 May; 26(5): 53543.
  • 19
    Kaji H, Yamauchi M, Nomura R, Sugimoto T. Improved peripheral cortical bone geometry after surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Aug; 93(8): 304550.
  • 20
    Boutroy S, Bouxsein ML, Munoz F, Delmas PD. In vivo assessment of trabecular bone microarchitecture by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Dec; 90(12): 650815.
  • 21
    Nishiyama KK, Macdonald HM, Buie HR, Hanley DA, Boyd SK. Postmenopausal women with osteopenia have higher cortical porosity and thinner cortices at the distal radius and tibia than women with normal aBMD: an in vivo HR-pQCT study. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Apr; 25(4): 88290.
  • 22
    Burghardt AJ, Kazakia GJ, Ramachandran S, Link TM, Majumdar S. Age- and gender-related differences in the geometric properties and biomechanical significance of intracortical porosity in the distal radius and tibia. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 May; 25(5): 98393.
  • 23
    MacNeil JA, Boyd SK. Bone strength at the distal radius can be estimated from high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography and the finite element method. Bone. 2008 Jun; 42(6): 120313.
  • 24
    Hansen S, Beck Jensen JE, Rasmussen L, Hauge EM, Brixen K. Effects on bone geometry, density, and microarchitecture in the distal radius but not the tibia in women with primary hyperparathyroidism: a case-control study using HR-pQCT. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Sep; 25(9): 19417.
  • 25
    Laib A, Hauselmann HJ, Ruegsegger P. In vivo high resolution 3D-QCT of the human forearm. Technol Health Care. 1998 Dec; 6(5–6): 32937.
  • 26
    Buie HR, Campbell GM, Klinck RJ, MacNeil JA, Boyd SK. Automatic segmentation of cortical and trabecular compartments based on a dual threshold technique for in vivo micro-CT bone analysis. Bone. 2007 Oct; 41(4): 50515.
  • 27
    Pistoia W, van Rietbergen B, Lochmüller EM, Lill CA, Eckstein F, Rüegsegger P. Estimation of distal radius failure load with micro-finite element analysis models based on three-dimensional peripheral quantitative computed tomography images. Bone. 2002 Jun; 30(6): 8428.
  • 28
    Bouxsein ML. Determinants of skeletal fragility. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2005 Dec; 19(6): 897911.
  • 29
    Chen P, Miller PD, Delmas PD, Misurski DA, Krege JH. Change in lumbar spine BMD and vertebral fracture risk reduction in teriparatide-treated postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Nov; 21(11): 178590.
  • 30
    Cummings SR, Karpf DB, Harris F, Genant HK, Ensrud K, LaCroix AZ, Black DM. Improvement in spine bone density and reduction in risk of vertebral fractures during treatment with antiresorptive drugs. Am J Med. 2002 Mar; 112(4): 2819.
  • 31
    Watts NB, Geusens P, Barton IP, Felsenberg D. Relationship between changes in BMD and nonvertebral fracture incidence associated with risedronate: reduction in risk of nonvertebral fracture is not related to change in BMD. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Dec; 20(12): 2097104.
  • 32
    Pistoia W, van Rietbergen B, Lochmüller EM, Lill CA, Eckstein F, Rüegsegger P. Image-based micro-finite-element modeling for improved distal radius strength diagnosis: moving from bench to bedside. J Clin Densitom. 2004; Summer; 7(2): 15360.
  • 33
    Balena R, Shih MS, Parfitt AM. Bone resorption and formation on the periosteal envelope of the ilium: a histomorphometric study in healthy women. J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Dec; 7(12): 147582.
  • 34
    Borah B, Dufresne T, Nurre J, Phipps R, Chmielewski P, Wagner L, Lundy M, Bouxsein M, Zebaze R, Seeman E. Risedronate reduces intracortical porosity in women with osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Jan; 25(1): 417.
  • 35
    Sekhon K, Kazakia GJ, Burghardt AJ, Hermannsson B, Majumdar S. Accuracy of volumetric bone mineral density measurement in high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Bone. 2009 Sep; 45(3): 4739.
  • 36
    Mulder L, van Ruijven LJ, Koolstra JH, van Eijden TM. The influence of mineralization on intratrabecular stress and strain distribution in developing trabecular bone. Ann Biomed Eng. 2007 Oct; 35(10): 166877.