• 1
    Lucas AR, Beard CM, O'Fallon WM, Kurland LT. 50-year trends in the incidence of anorexia nervosa in Rochester, Minn.: a population-based study. Am J Psychiatry. 1991 Jul; 148(7): 91722.
  • 2
    Pope HG, Hudson JI, Yurgelun-Todd D, Hudson MS. Prevalence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia in three student populations. Int J Eat Disorders. 1984; 3(3): 4551.
  • 3
    Miller KK, Grinspoon SK, Ciampa J, Hier J, Herzog D, Klibanski A. Medical findings in outpatients with anorexia nervosa. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Mar; 165(5): 5616.
  • 4
    Mayer L, Walsh BT, Pierson RN Jr, Heymsfield SB, Gallagher D, Wang J, Parides MK, Leibel RL, Warren MP, Killory E, Glasofer D. Body fat redistribution after weight gain in women with anorexia nervosa. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jun; 81(6): 128691.
  • 5
    Bredella MA, Fazeli PK, Miller KK, Misra M, Torriani M, Thomas BJ, Ghomi RH, Rosen CJ, Klibanski A. Increased bone marrow fat in anorexia nervosa. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jun; 94(6): 212936.
  • 6
    Justesen J, Stenderup K, Ebbesen EN, Mosekilde L, Steiniche T, Kassem M. Adipocyte tissue volume in bone marrow is increased with aging and in patients with osteoporosis. Biogerontology. 2001; 2(3): 16571.
  • 7
    Shen W, Chen J, Punyanitya M, Shapses S, Heshka S, Heymsfield SB. MRI-measured bone marrow adipose tissue is inversely related to DXA-measured bone mineral in Caucasian women. Osteoporos Int. 2007 May; 18(5): 6417.
  • 8
    Bredella MA, Torriani M, Ghomi RH, Thomas BJ, Brick DJ, Gerweck AV, Rosen CJ, Klibanski A, Miller KK. Vertebral bone marrow fat is positively associated with visceral fat and inversely associated with IGF-1 in obese women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Jan; 19(1): 4953.
  • 9
    Schellinger D, Lin CS, Hatipoglu HG, Fertikh D. Potential value of vertebral proton MR spectroscopy in determining bone weakness. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Sep; 22(8): 16207.
  • 10
    Grinspoon S, Baum H, Lee K, Anderson E, Herzog D, Klibanski A. Effects of short-term recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I administration on bone turnover in osteopenic women with anorexia nervosa. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Nov; 81(11): 386470.
  • 11
    Stefanis N, Mackintosh C, Abraha HD, Treasure J, Moniz C. Dissociation of bone turnover in anorexia nervosa. Ann Clin Biochem. 1998 Nov; 35(Pt 6): 70916.
  • 12
    Soyka LA, Grinspoon S, Levitsky LL, Herzog DB, Klibanski A. The effects of anorexia nervosa on bone metabolism in female adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Dec; 84(12): 448996.
  • 13
    Fazeli PK, Bredella MA, Misra M, Meenaghan E, Rosen CJ, Clemmons DR, Breggia A, Miller KK, Klibanski A. Preadipocyte factor-1 is associated with marrow adiposity and bone mineral density in women with anorexia nervosa. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan; 95(1): 40713.
  • 14
    Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Height and weight tables. J Nutr Elderly. 1983; 3: 236.
  • 15
    Barthe N, Braillon P, Ducassou D, Basse-Cathalinat B. Comparison of two Hologic DXA systems (QDR 1000 and QDR 4500/A). Br J Radiol. 1997 Jul; 70(835): 72839.
  • 16
    Johnson J, Dawson-Hughes B. Precision and stability of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements. Calcif Tissue Int. 1991 Sep; 49(3): 1748.
  • 17
    Rigotti NA, Neer RM, Skates SJ, Herzog DB, Nussbaum SR. The clinical course of osteoporosis in anorexia nervosa. A longitudinal study of cortical bone mass. JAMA. 1991 Mar 6; 265(9): 11338.
  • 18
    Lucas AR, Melton LJ 3rd, Crowson CS, O'Fallon WM. Long-term fracture risk among women with anorexia nervosa: a population-based cohort study. Mayo Clin Proc. 1999 Oct; 74(10): 9727.
  • 19
    Grinspoon S, Thomas L, Miller K, Pitts S, Herzog D, Klibanski A. Changes in regional fat redistribution and the effects of estrogen during spontaneous weight gain in women with anorexia nervosa. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 May; 73(5): 8659.
  • 20
    Abdallah BM, Jensen CH, Gutierrez G, Leslie RG, Jensen TG, Kassem M. Regulation of human skeletal stem cells differentiation by Dlk1/Pref-1. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 May; 19(5): 84152.
  • 21
    Abdallah BM, Ditzel N, Traustadottir GA, Schilling AF, Amling M, Kassem M. Dlk1/FA1 is a novel factor enhancing osteoclastogenesis and inhibiting bone formation in vitro and in vivo. 30th ASBMR Annual Meeting; Montreal, Quebec, Canada. September 12–16, 2008: The American Society of Bone and Mineral Research; Abstract 1007; p. S3.
  • 22
    Villena JA, Choi CS, Wang Y, Kim S, Hwang YJ, Kim YB, Cline G, Shulman GI, Sul HS. Resistance to high-fat diet-induced obesity but exacerbated insulin resistance in mice overexpressing preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1): a new model of partial lipodystrophy. Diabetes. 2008 Dec; 57(12): 325866.
  • 23
    O'Connell J, Lynch L, Hogan A, Cawood TJ, O'Shea D. Preadipocyte Factor-1 Is Associated with Metabolic Profile in Severe Obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Apr; 94(4): E6804.
  • 24
    Post S, Abdallah BM, Bentzon JF, Kassem M. Demonstration of the presence of independent pre-osteoblastic and pre-adipocytic cell populations in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Bone. 2008 Jul; 43(1): 329.