SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2010.
  • 2
    Cauley JA, LaCroix AZ, Wu L, Horwitz M, Danielson ME, Bauer DC, Lee JS, Jackson RD, Robbins JA, Wu C, Stanczyk FZ, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Sarto G, Ockene J, Cummings SR. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and risk for hip fractures. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 149(4):24250.
  • 3
    Cauley JA, Parimi N, Ensrud KE, Bauer DC, Cawthon PM, Cummings SR, Hoffman AR, Shikany JM, Barrett-Connor E. Orwoll E; Osteoporotic Fractures Men Mr OSR. Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and the risk of hip and nonspine fractures in older men. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Mar; 25(3):54553.
  • 4
    Cauley JA, Danielson ME, Boudreau R, Barbour KE, Horwitz MJ, Bauer DC, Ensrud KE, Manson JE, Wactawski-Wende J, Shikany JM, Jackson RD. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and clinical fracture risk in a multiethnic cohort of women: the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Oct; 26(10):237888.
  • 5
    van Schoor NM, Visser M, Pluijm SMF, Kuchuk N, Smit JH, Lips P. Vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures. Bone. 2008 Feb; 42(2):2606.
  • 6
    Nakamura K, Saito T, Oyama M, Oshiki R, Kobayashi R, Nishiwaki T, Nashimoto M, Tsuchiya Y. Vitamin D sufficiency is associated with low incidence of limb and vertebral fractures in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women: the Muramatsu Study. Osteoporos Int. 2011 Jan; 22(1):97103.
  • 7
    Robinson-Cohen C, Katz R, Hoofnagle AN, Cauley JA, Furberg CD, Robbins JA, Chen Z, Siscovick DS, de Boer IH, Kestenbaum B. Mineral metabolism markers and the long-term risk of hip fracture: the Cardiovascular Health Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul; 96(7):218693.
  • 8
    Gerdhem P, Ringsberg K, Obrant K, Akesson K. Association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels, physical activity, muscle strength and fractures in the prospective population-based OPRA Study of Elderly Women. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Nov; 16(11):142531.
  • 9
    Melhus H, Snellman G, Gedeborg R, Byberg L, Berglund L, Mallmin H, Hellman P, Blomhoff R, Hagstrom E, Arnlov J, Michaelsson K. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and fracture risk in a community-based cohort of elderly men in Sweden. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun; 95(6):263745.
  • 10
    Looker AC, Mussolino ME. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and hip fracture risk in older U.S. white adults. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Jan; 23(1):14350.
  • 11
    Barbour KE, Houston DK, Cummings SR, Boudreau R, Prasad T, Sheu Y, Bauer DC, Tooze JA, Kritchevsky SB, Tylavsky FA, Harris TB. Cauley JA; the Health ABCs. Calciotropic hormones and the risk of hip and non-spine fractures in older adults: the Health ABC Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Jan 6; 27(5):117785.
  • 12
    Cummings SR, Browner WS, Bauer D, Stone K, Ensrud K, Jamal S, Ettinger B. Endogenous hormones and the risk of hip and vertebral fractures among older women. N Engl J Med. 1998;339(11):7338.
  • 13
    Garnero P, Munoz F, Sornay-Rendu E, Delmas PD. Associations of vitamin D status with bone mineral density, bone turnover, bone loss and fracture risk in healthy postmenopausal women. The OFELY Study. Bone. 2007 Mar; 40(3):71622.
  • 14
    Pramyothin P, Techasurungkul S, Lin J, Wang H, Shah A, Ross PD, Puapong R, Wasnich RD. Vitamin D status and falls, frailty, and fractures among postmenopausal Japanese women living in Hawaii. Osteoporos Int. 2009 Nov; 20(11):195562.
  • 15
    Roddam AW, Neale R, Appleby P, Allen NE, Tipper S, Key TJ. Association between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and fracture risk: the EPIC-Oxford Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Dec 1; 166(11):132736.
  • 16
    Center JR, Nguyen TV, Sambrook PN, Eisman JA. Hormonal and biochemical parameters and osteoporotic fractures in elderly men. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Jul; 15(7):140511.
  • 17
    Flegal KM, Graubard BI, Williamson DF, Gail MH. Excess deaths associated with underweight overweight obesity. JAMA. 2005 Apr 20; 293(15):18617.
  • 18
    Breslow RA, Chen CM, Graubard BI, Mukamal KJ. Prospective study of alcohol consumption quantity and frequency and cancer-specific mortality in the US population. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 1; 174(9):104453.
  • 19
    Kanis JA. WHO Scientific Group on Assessment of Osteoporosis at the Primary Health-Care Level. Assessment of osteoporosis at the primary health-care level. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2007.
  • 20
    Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Gordon CM, Hanley DA, Heaney RP, Murad MH, Weaver CM. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul; 96(7):191130.
  • 21
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Plan and operation of the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–94. Series 1: programs and collection procedures. Hyattsville MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; 1994. p. 1–407.
  • 22
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. NHANES Questionnaires Datasets Related Documentation [Internet]. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes_questionnaires.htm.
  • 23
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. NCHS data linked to mortality files [Internet]. Hyattsville MD: Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics, 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/data_linkage/mortality.htm.
  • 24
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. NCHS data linked to CMS Medicare enrollment claims files [Internet]. Hyattsville MD: Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics, 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/data_linkage/cms_medicare.htm.
  • 25
    Moon M. What Medicare has meant to older Americans. Health Care Financ Rev. 1996; Win; 18(2):4959.
  • 26
    Ray WA, Griffin MR, Fought RL, Adams ML. Identification of fractures from computerized Medicare files. J Clin Epidemiol. 1992 Jul; 45(7):70314.
  • 27
    Taylor AJ, Gary LC, Arora T, Becker DJ, Curtis JR, Kilgore ML, Morrisey MA, Saag KG, Matthews R, Yun H, Smith W, Delzell E. Clinical and demographic factors associated with fractures among older Americans. Osteoporos Int. 2011 Apr; 22(4):126374.
  • 28
    Curtis JR, Mudano AS, Solomon DH, Xi J, Melton E, Saag KG. Identification and validation of vertebral compression fractures using administrative claims data. Med Care. 2009 Jan; 47(1):6972.
  • 29
    American M. edical Association CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) Assistant Archives 1990–2009 [CD ROM]. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association
  • 30
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. Conversion Table of New ICD-9-CM Codes. 2010; Hyattsville MD: Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics, 2010 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/icdcnvFY11.pdf.
  • 31
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC). Incidence cost to Medicare of fractures among Medicare beneficiaries aged (65 years-United States July 1991–June 1992. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996;45(41):8773.
  • 32
    Gunter EW, Lewis BG, Kokickowski SM. Laboratory methods used for the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994 Hyattsville MD: Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics; 1996.
  • 33
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. Laboratory procedure manual: 25-hydroxyvitamin Hyattsville D. MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; 2004 [Internet]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhanes/nhanes_03_04/l06vid_c_met_Vitamin_D.pdf.
  • 34
    Looker AC, Pfeiffer CM, Lacher DA, Schleicher RL, Picciano MF, Yetley EA. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of the US population: 1988–1994 compared with 2000–2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec; 88(6):151927.
  • 35
    Research Triangle Institute. SUDAAN Language Manual Release 10.0., Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute, 2008.
  • 36
    Korn EL, Graubard BI. Analysis of health surveys. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1999.
  • 37
    Jacobsen SJ, Cooper C, Gottlieb MS, Goldberg J, Yahnke DP, Melton LJ. Hospitalization with vertebral fracture among the aged—a national population-based study, 1986–1989. Epidemiology. 1992. Nov; 3(6):5158.
  • 38
    Centers for Disease Control Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed mortality file 1979–1998. CDC WONDER On-line Database,compiled from Compressed Mortality File CMF 1968–1988, Series 20,No. 2A, 2000 and CMF 1989–1998, Series 20, No.2E, 2003 [Internet]. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics; 2000, 2003 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd9.html.
  • 39
    Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Gordon CM, Hanley DA, Heaney RP, Murad MH, Weaver CM. Guidelines for preventing and treating vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency revisited. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Apr; 97(4):11538.
  • 40
    Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Black D, Vogt TM. Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. N Engl J Med. 1995;332(12):76774.
  • 41
    Platz EA, Leitzmann MF, Hollis BW, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Plasma 1,25-dihydroxy- and 25-hydroxyvitamin D and subsequent risk of prostate cancer. Cancer Causes Control. 2004;15(3):25565.
  • 42
    Jorde R, Sneve M, Hutchinson M, Emaus N, Figenschau Y, Grimnes G. Tracking of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels during 14 years in a population-based study and during 12 months in an intervention study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr 15; 171(8):9038.
  • 43
    Wannamethee SG, Shaper AG, Whincup PH, Walker M. Role of risk factors for major coronary heart disease events with increasing length of follow up. Heart. 1999 Apr; 81(4):3749.
  • 44
    Lauretani F, Bandinelli S, Russo CR, Maggio M, Di Iorio A, Cherubini A, Maggio D, Ceda GP, Valenti G, Guralnik JM, Ferrucci L. Correlates of bone quality in older persons. Bone. 2006;39(4):91521.
  • 45
    Barbour K, Zmuda J, Horwitz M, Strotmeyer E, Boudreau R, Evans R, Ensrud K, Gordon C, Petit M, Patrick A, Cauley J. Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Research Group. The association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with indicators of bone quality in men of Caucasian and African ancestry. Osteoporos Int. 2011;22(9):247585.
  • 46
    Einhorn TA. Bone strength—the bottom line. Calcif Tissue Int. 1992 Nov; 51(5):3339.
  • 47
    Bleicher K. Older men with either high or low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels have significantly increased fracture risk: results from the prospective CHAMP study. Oral Poster Session, Presentation Number: FR0349. J Bone Miner Res. 2012;27(Suppl 1)[Internet]. Washington, DC: ASBMR; 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 28]. Available from: http://www.asbmr.org/Meetings/AnnualMeeting/AbstractDetail.aspx?aid=a864e09b-4996-4541-a9d2-fca4eea69e32.
  • 48
    Heaney RP, Holick MF. Why the IOM recommendations for vitamin D are deficient. J Bone Miner Res. 2011;26(3):4557.
  • 49
    Rosen CJ, Abrams SA, Aloia JF, Brannon PM, Clinton SK, Durazo-Arvizu RA, Gallagher JC, Gallo RL, Jones G, Kovacs CS, Manson JE, Mayne ST, Ross AC, Shapses SA, Taylor CL. IOM committee members respond to Endocrine Society vitamin D guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Apr; 97(4):114652.
  • 50
    Carter GD. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D: a difficult analyte. Clin Chem. 2012 Mar; 58(3):4868.
  • 51
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, Borgstrom F, Zethraeus N, De Laet C, Jonsson B. The risk and burden of vertebral fractures in Sweden. Osteoporos Int. 2004 Jan; 15(1):206.