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Keywords:

  • BRITTLE BONE DISEASE;
  • COLLAGEN TYPE I;
  • FRACTURE;
  • MATRIX PROTEINS;
  • PIGMENT EPITHELIUM–DERIVED FACTOR

Abstract

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a spectrum of genetic disorders characterized by bone fragility. It is caused by dominant mutations affecting the synthesis and/or structure of type I procollagen or by recessively inherited mutations in genes responsible for the posttranslational processing/trafficking of type I procollagen. Recessive OI type VI is unique among OI types in that it is characterized by an increased amount of unmineralized osteoid, thereby suggesting a distinct disease mechanism. In a large consanguineous family with OI type VI, we performed homozygosity mapping and next-generation sequencing of the candidate gene region to isolate and identify the causative gene. We describe loss of function mutations in serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade F, member 1 (SERPINF1) in two affected members of this family and in an additional unrelated patient with OI type VI. SERPINF1 encodes pigment epithelium–derived factor. Hence, loss of pigment epithelium–derived factor function constitutes a novel mechanism for OI and shows its involvement in bone mineralization. © 2011 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research