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Keywords:

  • 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid;
  • Dibutyl Phthalate;
  • DNA Hypomethylation;
  • Gemfibrozil;
  • c-myc;
  • Partial Hepatectomy;
  • Peroxisome Proliferators;
  • Wy-14,643

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferators in general are nongenotoxic mouse liver carcinogens for which DNA hypomethylation and altered gene expression are proposed mechanisms. Therefore, the peroxisome proliferators 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), gemfibrozil, and Wy-14,643 were evaluated for the ability to alter the methylation and expression of the c-myc protooncogene. Male B6C3F1 mice were administered for 6 days in their diet Wy-14,643 (5–500 ppm), 2,4-D (1,680 ppm), DBP (20,000 ppm), or gemfibrozil (8,000 ppm). All four peroxisome proliferators caused hypomethylation of the c-myc gene in the liver. Wy-14,643 appeared to be the most efficacious with a threshold between 10 and 50 ppm. The level of the c-myc protein was increased by Wy-14,643, but not the other peroxisome proliferators. When female B6C3F1 mice received a two-thirds partially hepatectomy and 16 h later were administered 50 mg/kg Wy-14,643 by gavage, hypomethylation of the gene occurred 24 h later. Hypomethylation was not found in mice that received Wy-14,643 following a sham operation. Hypomethylation of the c-myc gene within 24 h of administering Wy-14,643 after a partial hepatectomy but not after a sham operation supports the hypothesis that the peroxisome proliferators prevent methylation of hemimethylated sites formed by DNA replication. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 16:41–47, 2002; DOI 10.1002/jbt.10019