• Lentinan;
  • DNA Damage and Repair;
  • Apoptosis;
  • Bone Marrow Suppression;
  • Oxidative Stress;
  • Secondary Malignancies


The ability of the flavonoid lentinan (LAN) to enhance the repair of paclitaxel (PAC)-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in mouse bone marrow cells was investigated. Moreover, the possible mechanism underlying this modulation was determined. LAN was neither genotoxic nor apoptogenic at doses equivalent to 1 or 2 mg/kg/day. Pretreatment of mice with LAN significantly enhances the repair of PAC-induced DNA damage and bone marrow suppression in a dose dependent manner. Moreover, LAN affords significant protection against PAC-induced apoptosis. A significant increase of reactive oxygen species and a decrease in reduced glutathione levels were observed after PAC treatment and prior administration of LAN before PAC challenge ameliorated these oxidative stress markers. Conclusively, our study provides, for the first time, that LAN enhances the repair of PAC-induced DNA damage and apoptosis that resides, at least in part, on its ability to modulate the cellular antioxidant levels and consequently protect bone marrow cells from PAC genotoxicity. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J BiochemMol Toxicol 27:370-377, 2013; View this article online at DOI 10.1002/jbt.21499