Efficient Synthesis and Antioxidant Evaluation of 2-Aryl-3-(Pyrimidin-2-yl)-Thiazolidinones


Correspondence to: Dr. Geonir Machado Siqueira.


In the present study, we reported the efficient synthesis of 11 3-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-thiazolidinones in good yields using molecular sieve as the desiccant agent. In addition, we have evaluated the antioxidant capacity of the synthesized compounds by the 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH•) and the 2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS+•) radicals scavenging assay. Six compounds showed antioxidant activity towards DPPH• (EC50 between 16.13 and 49.94 µg/mL) and also demonstrated excellent activity regarding ABTS+• (TEAC: 10.32–53.52). These results showed that compounds 3-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-thiazolidinones may be easily synthesized by a less expensive procedure and could be a good starting point to the development of new antioxidant compounds. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J BiochemMol Toxicol 27:445-450, 2013; View this article online at wileyonlinelibrary.com. DOI 10.1002/jbt.21506