Songmin He, Wenbo Zhu are contributed equally to this work.
Transcriptional and post-transcriptional down-regulation of cyclin D1 contributes to C6 glioma cell differentiation induced by forskolin†
Article first published online: 18 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume 112, Issue 9, pages 2241–2249, September 2011
How to Cite
He, S., Zhu, W., Zhou, Y., Huang, Y., Ou, Y., Li, Y. and Yan, G. (2011), Transcriptional and post-transcriptional down-regulation of cyclin D1 contributes to C6 glioma cell differentiation induced by forskolin. J. Cell. Biochem., 112: 2241–2249. doi: 10.1002/jcb.23140
- Issue published online: 18 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 18 AUG 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 7 APR 2011 07:35AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 11 FEB 2011
- National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Number: 30830111, 30801408
- National Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province. Grant Number: 8451008901000297
- Chinese Postdoctoral Science. Grant Number: 20100480824
- Guangzhou Scientific and Technological Programs. Grant Number: 2008Z1-E561
- Cyclin D1;
- Cell cycle
Malignant gliomas are the most common and lethal intracranial tumors, and differentiation therapy shows great potential to be a promising candidate for their treatment. Here, we have elaborated that a PKA activator, forskolin, represses cell growth via cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and induces cell differentiation characteristic with elongated processes and restoration of GFAP expression. In mechanisms, we verified that forskolin significantly diminishes the mRNA and protein level of a key cell cycle regulator cyclin D1, and maintenance of low cyclin D1 expression level was required for forskolin-induced proliferation inhibition and differentiation by gain and loss of function approaches. In addition, that forskolin down-regulated the cyclin D1 by proteolytic (post-transcriptional) mechanisms was dependent on GSK-3β activation at Ser9. The pro-differentiation activity of forskolin and related molecular mechanisms imply that forskolin can be developed into a candidate for the future in differentiation therapy of glioma, and cyclin D1 is a promising target for pro-differentiation strategy. J. Cell. Biochem. 112: 2241–2249, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.