TFII-I transcription factors play an essential role during early vertebrate embryogenesis. Genome-wide mapping studies by ChIP-seq and ChIP-chip revealed that TFII-I primes multiple genomic loci in mouse embryonic stem cells and embryonic tissues. Moreover, many TFII-I-bound regions co-localize with H3K4me3/K27me3 bivalent chromatin within the promoters of lineage-specific genes. This minireview provides a summary of current knowledge regarding the function of TFII-I in epigenetic control of stem cell differentiation. J. Cell. Biochem. 113: 3056–3060, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.