The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of receptor activity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1) overexpression on the expression and distribution of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR) in MG-63 cells. Our research also focused on whether RAMP1 overexpression enhanced the promoting effect of exogenous CGRP on osteogenic differentiation in MG-63 cells. We first constructed a eukaryotic expression vector containing human RAMP1 and stably transfected it into MG-63 cells. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to determine the expression levels of RAMP1 and CRLR mRNA and protein, respectively. Immunofluorescence analysis was employed to compare the distribution of CRLR in transfected cells. After treatment with CGRP, the extent of osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by simultaneous monitoring of alkaline phosphatase activity, the expression patterns of osteoblastic markers and mineralisation staining. We found that RAMP1 was more highly expressed in the transfected group compared with the control groups (P < 0.01). The CRLR expression was significantly higher than that in the control groups (P < 0.05). In addition, after 7 days of CGRP treatment to induce osteogenic differentiation, the expression of collagen I mRNA was markedly increased in the transfected group (P < 0.05). The transfected group exhibited more granular precipitation in the cytoplasm with alkaline phosphatase staining after 7 and 14 days of differentiation. When stained with Alizarin Red, cells overexpressing RAMP1 were darker and formed many mineralised nodules with clear boundaries and calcium deposition typical of mineralised bone matrix structures at 28 days post-induction of differentiation. The CGRP-induced ALP activity in the RAMP1 overexpression group was significantly higher 3, 6 and 9 days after induction than that in the two control groups (P < 0.05). RAMP1 overexpression promotes CRLR expression, localisation on the cell membrane and enhanced CGRP-mediated differentiation of MG-63 cells. This study contributes to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing CGRP-induced MG-63 differentiation. J. Cell. Biochem. 114: 314–322, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.