Get access
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

miR-200c enhances radiosensitivity of human breast cancer cells

Authors

  • Jing Lin,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Jing Lin and Cong Liu contributed equally to this work.

  • Cong Liu,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Jing Lin and Cong Liu contributed equally to this work.

  • Fu Gao,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • R.E.J. Mitchel,

    1. Radiological Protection Research and Instrumentation Branch, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada K0J 1J0
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Luqian Zhao,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yanyong Yang,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jixiao Lei,

    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jianming Cai

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, PR China
    • Department of Radiation Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Due to the intrinsic resistance of many tumors to radiotherapy, current methods to improve the survival of cancer patients largely depend on increasing tumor radiosensitivity. It is well-known that miR-200c inhibits epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), and enhances cancer cell chemosensitivity. We sought to clarify the effects of miR-200c on the radiosensitization of human breast cancer cells. In this study, we found that low levels of miR-200c expression correlated with radiotolerance in breast cancer cells. miR-200c overexpression could increase radiosensitivity in breast cancer cells by inhibiting cell proliferation, and by increasing apoptosis and DNA double-strand breaks. Additionally, we found that miR-200c directly targeted TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1). However, overexpression of TBK1 partially rescued miR-200c mediated apoptosis induced by ionizing radiation. In summary, miR-200c can be a potential target for enhancing the effect of radiation treatment on breast cancer cells. J. Cell. Biochem. 114: 606–615, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary