The role that the induction of cardiac ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, by beta-adrenergic agents may have in heart hypertrophy is a controversial issue. Besides, the signaling pathways related to cardiac ODC regulation have not been fully elucidated. Here we show that in Balb C mice the stimulation of cardiac ODC activity by adrenergic agents was mainly mediated by β2-adrenergic receptors, and that this induction was lower in the hypertrophic heart. Interestingly, this stimulation was abolished by the L-calcium channel antagonists verapamil and nifedipine. In addition, whereas the treatment with β2-adrenergic agents was associated to both the increases in ODC, ODC-antizyme inhibitor 1 (AZIN1), c-fos and c-myc mRNA levels and the phosphorylation of CREB and MAP kinases ERK1 and ERK2 (ERK1/2), the co-treatment with L-calcium channel blockers differentially prevented most of these changes. These results suggest that the stimulation of cardiac ODC by β2-adrenergic agents is associated with the activation of MAP kinases through the participation of L-calcium channels, and that by itself p-CREB does not appear to be sufficient for the transcriptional activation of ODC. In addition, post-translational mechanisms related with the induction of AZIN1 appear to be related to the increase of cardiac ODC activity. J. Cell. Biochem. 114: 1978–1986, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.