Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Role of Heterotrimeric G Protein and Calcium in Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy Induced by IGF-1
Article first published online: 23 JAN 2014
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume 115, Issue 4, pages 712–720, April 2014
How to Cite
Carrasco, L., Cea, P., Rocco, P., Peña-Oyarzún, D., Rivera-Mejias, P., Sotomayor-Flores, C., Quiroga, C., Criollo, A., Ibarra, C., Chiong, M. and Lavandero, S. (2014), Role of Heterotrimeric G Protein and Calcium in Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy Induced by IGF-1. J. Cell. Biochem., 115: 712–720. doi: 10.1002/jcb.24712
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 23 JAN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 14 NOV 2013 08:01AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Received: 4 NOV 2013
- Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, FONDECYT. Grant Numbers: Anillo ACT1111, FONDAP 15130011
- INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-1;
- CARDIAC MYOCYTE;
- HETEROTRIMERIC G PROTEIN;
- EXTRACELLULAR-SIGNAL-REGULATED KINASE
In the heart, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a peptide with pro-hypertrophic and anti-apoptotic actions. The pro-hypertrophic properties of IGF-1 have been attributed to the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. Recently, we reported that IGF-1 also increases intracellular Ca2+ levels through a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G protein. Here we investigate whether this Ca2+ signal is involved in IGF-1-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Our results show that the IGF-1-induced increase in Ca2+ level is abolished by the IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG538, PTX and the peptide inhibitor of Gβγ signaling, βARKct. Increases in the activities of Ca2+-dependent enzymes calcineurin, calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII), and protein kinase Cα (PKCα) were observed at 5 min after IGF-1 exposure. AG538, PTX, βARKct, and the dominant negative PKCα prevented the IGF-1-dependent phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Participation of calcineurin and CaMKII in ERK phosphorylation was discounted. IGF-1-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, determined by cell size and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), was prevented by AG538, PTX, βARKct, dominant negative PKCα, and the MEK1/2 inhibitor PD98059. Inhibition of calcineurin with CAIN did not abolish IGF-1-induced cardiac hypertrophy. We conclude that IGF-1 induces hypertrophy in cultured cardiomyocytes by activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase activity/βγ-subunits of a PTX-sensitive G protein/Ca2+/PKCα/ERK pathway without the participation of calcineurin. J. Cell. Biochem. 115: 712–720, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.