Male germline stem cells (mGSCs), in charge for the fertility in male testis, are the only kind of adult stem cells that transmit genetic information to next generation, with promising prospects in germplasm resources preservation and optimization, and production of transgenic animals. Mouse male germline stem cell lines have been established and are valuable for studying the mechanisms of spermatogenesis. However, there is a lack of stable mGSC cell lines in livestock, which restricts the progress of transgenic research and related biotechnology. Here, we firstly established an immortalized dairy goat mGSC cell line to study the biological properties and the signaling pathways associated with mGSCs self-renewal and differentiation. The ectopic factors SV40 large T antigen and Bmi1 genes were transduced into dairy goat mGSCs, and the results showed that the proliferation of these cells that were named mGSCs-I-SB was improved significantly. They maintained the typical characteristics including the expression of mGSC markers, and the potential to differentiate into all three germ layers, sperm-like cells in vitro. Additionally, mGSCs-I-SB survived and differentiated into three germ layer cell types when they were transplanted into chicken embryos. Importantly, the cells also survived in mouse spermatogenesis deficiency model testis which seemed to be the golden standard to examine mGSCs. Conclusively, our results demonstrate that mGSCs-I-SB present the characteristics of mGSCs and may promote the future study on goat mGSCs. J. Cell. Biochem. 115: 1549–1560, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.