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Analysis and prediction of protein folding rates using quadratic response surface models

Authors

  • Liang-Tsung Huang,

    1. Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Ming-Dao University, Changhua 523, Taiwan
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  • M. Michael Gromiha

    Corresponding author
    1. Computational Biology Research Center (CBRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tokyo Waterfront Bio-IT Research Building, 2-42 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0064, Japan
    • Computational Biology Research Center (CBRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tokyo Waterfront Bio-IT Research Building, 2-42 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0064, Japan
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Abstract

Understanding the relationship between amino acid sequences and folding rates of proteins is an important task in computational and molecular biology. In this work, we have systematically analyzed the composition of amino acid residues for proteins with different ranges of folding rates. We observed that the polar residues, Asn, Gln, Ser, and Lys, are dominant in fast folding proteins whereas the hydrophobic residues, Ala, Cys, Gly, and Leu, prefer to be in slow folding proteins. Further, we have developed a method based on quadratic response surface models for predicting the folding rates of 77 two- and three-state proteins. Our method showed a correlation of 0.90 between experimental and predicted protein folding rates using leave-one-out cross-validation method. The classification of proteins based on structural class improved the correlation to 0.98 and it is 0.99, 0.98, and 0.96, respectively, for all-α, all-β, and mixed class proteins. In addition, we have utilized Baysean classification theory for discriminating two- and three-state proteins, which showed an accuracy of 90%. We have developed a web server for predicting protein folding rates and it is available at http://bioinformatics.myweb.hinet.net/foldrate.htm. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2008

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