Vibrational spectral signatures of peptide secondary structures: N-methylation and side chain hydrogen bond in cyclosporin A



Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to explore important conformations of cyclosporin A, an immunosuppressive cyclic undecapeptide drug, in different media including gas-phase, chloroform, and acetonitrile. Density functional theory calculations are used to refine the low-lying conformers and to predict their infrared and vibrational circular dichroism spectra. Vibrational spectral signatures in the important amide II, I, and A regions are identified for typical peptide secondary structures including β-turn (type II′ or I), antiparallel β-sheet (flat or twisted), inverse γ-turn, N-methylated peptide bond, and side chain H-bond. New insights into the spectral signatures of secondary structures especially with N-methylation and side chain hydrogen bond are provided, which can be very useful for further peptide conformation analysis in general. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2011