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A detailed investigation on the global minimum structures of mixed rare-gas clusters: Geometry, energetics, and site occupancy


  • Jorge M. C. Marques,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Química, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra 3004-535, Portugal
    • Departamento de Qumica, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra 3004-535, Portugal
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  • Francisco B. Pereira

    1. Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, Quinta da Nora, Coimbra 3030-199, Portugal
    2. Centro de Informática e Sistemas da Universidade de Coimbra (CISUC), Coimbra 3030-290, Portugal
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We performed a global minimum search of mixed rare-gas clusters by applying an evolutionary algorithm (EA), which was recently proposed for binary atomic systems (Marques and Pereira, Chem. Phys. Lett. 2010, 485, 211). Before being applied to the potentials used in this work, the EA was further tested against results previously reported for the ArNXe38−N clusters and several new putative global minima were discovered. We employed either simple Lennard-Jones (LJ) potentials or more realistic functions to describe pair interactions in ArNKr38−N, ArNXe38−N, and KrNXe38−N clusters. The long-range tail of the pair-potentials shows some influence on the energetic features and shape of the structure of clusters. In turn, core–shell type structures are mostly observed for global minima of the binary rare-gas clusters, for both accurate and LJ potentials. However, the long-range tail of the potential may have influence on the type of atoms that segregate on the surface or form the core of the cluster. While relevant differences for the preferential site occupancy occur between the two potentials for ArNKr38−N (for N > 21), the type of atoms that segregate on the surface for ArNXe38−N and KrNXe38−N clusters is unaffected by the accuracy of the long-range part of the interaction in almost all cases. Moreover, the global minimum search for model-potentials in binary systems reveals that the surface-site occupancy is mainly determined by the combination of two parameters: the size ratio of the two types of particles forming the cluster and the minimum-energy ratio corresponding to the pair-interactions between unlike atoms. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.