Adaptive lambda square dynamics simulation: An efficient conformational sampling method for biomolecules



A novel, efficient sampling method for biomolecules is proposed. The partial multicanonical molecular dynamics (McMD) was recently developed as a method that improved generalized ensemble (GE) methods to focus sampling only on a part of a system (GEPS); however, it was not tested well. We found that partial McMD did not work well for polylysine decapeptide and gave significantly worse sampling efficiency than a conventional GE. Herein, we elucidate the fundamental reason for this and propose a novel GEPS, adaptive lambda square dynamics (ALSD), which can resolve the problem faced when using partial McMD. We demonstrate that ALSD greatly increases the sampling efficiency over a conventional GE. We believe that ALSD is an effective method and is applicable to the conformational sampling of larger and more complicated biomolecule systems. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.