Fast Thermal Evaporation in Purification of 1,4-Di(pyren-1-ly)benzene

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Abstract

This work presents a fast purification system that involves a vertical quartz tube and vacuum sublimation for separation without dilution. This system produced re-crystallized 1,4-di(pyren-1-yl)benzene (DPB) in a few hours following the synthesis of pyrene derivatives with a mole yield ratio of 1,4-di(pyrene-1-yl)benzene to 1-phenylpyrene (1PP) of 5:1. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD) were utilized to identify the products. Finally, the lifetimes of pyrene derivatives DPB and 1PP were determined by exponential regression to be 10.0 ± 0.14 and 3.3 ± 0.15 ns, respectively. From the lifetime measurements, the purity of the photo-responsive materials could be easily determined. To prevent red-shift of electro-luminescence (EL) spectra by the energy transfer mechanism, it has acquired to elect transfer layers for pure electroluminescence. A co-catalytic reaction reduced the amount of impurities and eliminated the need for the use of a solvent in the purification step.

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