Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): Information processing in the treatment of trauma
Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 58, Issue 8, pages 933–946, August 2002
How to Cite
Shapiro, F. and Maxfield, L. (2002), Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): Information processing in the treatment of trauma. J. Clin. Psychol., 58: 933–946. doi: 10.1002/jclp.10068
- Issue online: 1 JUL 2002
- Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2002
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an efficacious and efficient treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article provides a brief overview of the findings of 20 controlled-outcome studies and describes Shapiro's Adaptive Information Processing model. This model posits that pathology results when distressing experiences are processed inadequately and hypothesizes that EMDR accelerates information processing, resulting in the adaptive resolution of traumatic memories. A detailed description of the eight phases of treatment highlights the procedures, assumptions, and clinical observations that currently guide EMDR clinical practice. A case study, with an in-session transcript, illustrates the application of EMDR to address the past events that have laid the groundwork for dysfunction, the present circumstances that elicit distress, and skills acquisition needed for adaptive functioning. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol/In Session 58: 933–946, 2002.