Article first published online: 19 AUG 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 58, Issue 9, pages 1003–1022, September 2002
How to Cite
Snyder, C.R., Rand, K. L., King, E. A., Feldman, D. B. and Woodward, J. T. (2002), “False” hope. J. Clin. Psychol., 58: 1003–1022. doi: 10.1002/jclp.10096
- Issue published online: 19 AUG 2002
- Article first published online: 19 AUG 2002
“False” hope is condemned in the literature on the grounds that it reflects the counterproductive use of: (a) expectations based on illusions rather than reality, (b) inappropriate goals, and (c) poor strategies to reach desired goals. Snyder, Harris, et al.'s (1991) hope theory involving self-referential thoughts about finding routes to desired goals (pathways) and the motivation to use those routes (agency) is used as a framework for examining these three criticisms of false hope. It is concluded that the presently available evidence does not support any of the false-hope criticisms. The implications of hope-related issues for the applied clinical arena are discussed. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 58: 1003–1022, 2002.