Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review of meta-analytic findings
Article first published online: 10 FEB 2004
Copyright © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Special Issue: Cognitive Revolution in Clinical Psychology: Beyond the Behavioral Approach
Volume 60, Issue 4, pages 429–441, April 2004
How to Cite
Deacon, B. J. and Abramowitz, J. S. (2004), Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review of meta-analytic findings. J. Clin. Psychol., 60: 429–441. doi: 10.1002/jclp.10255
- Issue published online: 5 MAR 2004
- Article first published online: 10 FEB 2004
Behavioral and cognitive psychotherapies are the most widely studied psychological interventions for anxiety disorders. In the present article, the results of ten years of meta-analytic studies on psychotherapies for the various anxiety disorders are reviewed and the relative effectiveness of cognitive and behavioral therapeutic methods is examined. Meta-analytic results support the effectiveness of combined cognitive and behavioral approaches for anxiety disorders. Pure behavioral therapies also are effective and appear to work as well as combined treatment for some disorders. Due to the small number of outcome studies involving pure cognitive treatments, reliable conclusions about the effectiveness of this approach cannot be offered. Additional theoretical and practical considerations are discussed. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol.