Recently, there has been growing interest in the relation between pain and emotion. Numerous recent studies have been conducted in this area. This article provides an introduction to this interesting area by highlighting selected research topics including studies on: stress and pain, negative emotional states and pain, catastrophizing and pain, the fear of pain, emotional regulation processes and pain, the effects of enhancing emotional regulation on pain, and the relation of emotional distress to treatment seeking in persons having pain. The article concludes with a discussion of important directions for future research in this area. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Clin Psychol 57: 587–607, 2001.