Auld lang Syne: Success predictors, change processes, and self-reported outcomes of New Year's resolvers and nonresolvers
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 58, Issue 4, pages 397–405, April 2002
How to Cite
Norcross, J. C., Mrykalo, M. S. and Blagys, M. D. (2002), Auld lang Syne: Success predictors, change processes, and self-reported outcomes of New Year's resolvers and nonresolvers. J. Clin. Psychol., 58: 397–405. doi: 10.1002/jclp.1151
- Issue published online: 8 MAR 2002
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2002
New Year's resolvers (n = 159) and comparable nonresolvers interested in changing a problem later (n = 123) were followed for six months via telephone interviews to determine their self-reported outcomes, predictors of success, and change processes. The two groups did not differ in terms of demographic characteristics, problem histories, or behavioral goals (weight loss, exercise program, and smoking cessation being the most prevalent). Resolvers reported higher rates of success than nonresolvers; at six months, 46% of the resolvers were continuously successful compared to 4% of the nonresolvers. Self-efficacy, skills to change, and readiness to change assessed before January 1 all predicted positive outcome for resolvers. Once into the new year, successful resolvers employed more cognitive–behavioral processes but fewer awareness-generating and emotion-enhancing processes than nonsuccessful resolvers. Discussion centers on the research and intervention opportunities afforded by the annual tradition of resolutions. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 58: 397–405, 2002.