Memory bias for schema-related stimuli in individuals with bulimia nervosa

Authors

  • Tanja Legenbauer,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LWL Clinic Dortmund, University Hospital of the Ruhr-University Bochum
    • Ruhr-University Bochum, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LWL Clinic Dortmund, Marsbruchstr. 179, D-44287 Dortmund, Germany
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  • Bärbel Maul,

    1. Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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  • Ilka Rühl,

    1. Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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  • Maria Kleinstäuber,,

    1. Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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  • Wolfgang Hiller

    1. Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
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Abstract

This study investigates whether individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) have a memory bias in relation to explicit memory (cued and free recall vs. verbal and pictorial recognition tasks). Twenty-five participants diagnosed with BN and 27 normal controls (NC) were exposed to body-related, food-related, and neutral TV commercials, and then recall and recognition rates were assessed. Poorer recognition and recall of body-related stimuli was found for BN in comparison to NC, suggesting a memory bias. Results are discussed in relation to previous studies, along with suggestions as to how future studies can gain more insight into dysfunctions in information processing that can lead to the maintenance of eating disorders. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol: In Session 66: 302–316, 2010.

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