Mindfulness-based approaches: are they all the same?
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 67, Issue 4, pages 404–424, April 2011
How to Cite
Chiesa, A. and Malinowski, P. (2011), Mindfulness-based approaches: are they all the same?. J. Clin. Psychol., 67: 404–424. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20776
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
- physical illnesses;
- mental illnesses
Mindfulness-based approaches are increasingly employed as interventions for treating a variety of psychological, psychiatric and physical problems. Such approaches include ancient Buddhist mindfulness meditations such as Vipassana and Zen meditations, modern group-based standardized meditations, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and further psychological interventions, such as dialectical behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. We review commonalities and differences of these interventions regarding philosophical background, main techniques, aims, outcomes, neurobiology and psychological mechanisms. In sum, the currently applied mindfulness-based interventions show large differences in the way mindfulness is conceptualized and practiced. The decision to consider such practices as unitary or as distinct phenomena will probably influence the direction of future research. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 67:1-21, 2011.