We extend our appreciation to the anonymous journal reviewers who provided useful comments and important suggestions on the original draft of this article.
Characterizing the magnitude of the relation between self-reported childhood parentification and adult psychopathology: a meta-analysis†
Version of Record online: 25 APR 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 67, Issue 10, pages 1028–1043, October 2011
How to Cite
Hooper, L. M., DeCoster, J., White, N. and Voltz, M. L. (2011), Characterizing the magnitude of the relation between self-reported childhood parentification and adult psychopathology: a meta-analysis. J. Clin. Psychol., 67: 1028–1043. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20807
- Issue online: 8 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 25 APR 2011
- meta-analysis methodology;
- moderator analysis
Several decades of research have shown that people who experience parentification in childhood are at an increased risk of experiencing psychopathology in adulthood. A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the magnitude of the relation between self-reported parentification experienced in childhood and psychopathology evidenced in adulthood. Results from 12 nonoverlapping studies (N = 2,472), which were conducted between 1984 and 2010, revealed a small significant but reliable effect (r = .14; 95% confidence interval = .10 to .18). Moderator analyses were performed to explore possible explanations for the variance evidenced between parentification and psychopathology. Moderators that were examined include population factors, methodological factors, and type of psychopathology. The present findings indicate that four factors—types of psychopathology, type of sample, race, and parentification measure used—moderated the relation between parentification and psychopathology. The meta-analytic findings that emerged highlight the need for additional empirical research. Possible explanations and clinical implications of the findings and directions for future research are considered. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 67:1–16, 2011.