The third (W.L. Lin) and first (H.P. Lin) authors equally contributed to this article.
Effects of stress, depression, and their interaction on heart rate, skin conductance, finger temperature, and respiratory rate: sympathetic-parasympathetic hypothesis of stress and depression†
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 67, Issue 10, pages 1080–1091, October 2011
How to Cite
Lin, H.-P., Lin, H.-Y., Lin, W.-L. and Huang, A. C.-W. (2011), Effects of stress, depression, and their interaction on heart rate, skin conductance, finger temperature, and respiratory rate: sympathetic-parasympathetic hypothesis of stress and depression. J. Clin. Psychol., 67: 1080–1091. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20833
Research was supported by grants from the National Research Council of the Republic of China (NSC 98-2410-H-431-005 and NSC 99-2410-H-431-013) to ACW Huang.
- Issue published online: 8 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2011
- psychophysiological measurement
We examined effects of stress, depression, and their interaction on sympathetic-parasympathetic responses, including percentage heart rate (PHR), percentage skin conductance (PSC), percentage finger temperature (PTEMP), and percentage respiratory rate (PRESPR). Participants were categorized into normal, low-risk, and high-risk depression groups under stress or no-stress by measuring psychophysiological responses. Stress increased PHR and PSC and decreased PTEMP. Depression negatively correlated with PHR and PTEMP. PSC and PTEMP were significantly dependent on and positively correlated with depression. PTEMP was significantly affected by the stress and depression interaction. Stress affects sympathetic, rather than parasympathetic, activity. Depression and the interaction between stress and depression initially associated with the sympathetic division and are then correlated with parasympathetic activity. A sympathetic-parasympathetic hypothesis and its clinical implications are discussed. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 67:1–12, 2011.