Public Speaking in Social Phobia: A Pilot Study of Self-Ratings and Observers' Ratings of Social Skills
Version of Record online: 3 FEB 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 68, Issue 4, pages 397–402, April 2012
How to Cite
Levitan, M. N., Falcone, E. M., Placido, M., Krieger, S., Pinheiro, L., Crippa, J. A., Bruno, L. M., Pastore, D., Hallak, J. and Nardi, A. E. (2012), Public Speaking in Social Phobia: A Pilot Study of Self-Ratings and Observers' Ratings of Social Skills. J. Clin. Psychol., 68: 397–402. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20868
- Issue online: 27 MAR 2012
- Version of Record online: 3 FEB 2012
- social anxiety;
- social skills;
- social exposure
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) differ from controls in the quality of skill-related behaviors displayed during a speech and in overall behavioral adequacy as perceived by observers and by the patients themselves.
A total of 18 SAD patients and 18 controls were screened by a diagnostic interview and took part in a 3-minute speech of their own choosing. For each videotaped speech, observers rated the adequacy of the skill-related behaviors and overall performance adequacy. After the experiment, participants were asked to rate their own overall performance adequacy.
The results showed that SAD patients exhibited significantly worse voice intonation and fluency of the speech, however no differences were found in global self-ratings. Moreover, the performance evaluations of the SAD group were consistent with the observers, while the controls evaluated their performance lower than the observers.
The results are inconsistent with the cognitive model, because patients with SAD did not underestimate their performance. Compared with spontaneous interactions, the clear rules established for such social situations as speeches may result in less cognitive distortion for SAD patients.