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Keywords:

  • self-perceived burden;
  • depression;
  • anxiety;
  • functional impairment;
  • movement disorders

Objective

Movement disorders are chronic illnesses that can lead to functional impairment and psychological distress. This study examined the relations between functional impairment, depression, and anxiety in individuals with movement disorders, and whether these associations were mediated by feelings of self-perceived burden.

Method

This cross-sectional study sampled individuals (57 males and 57 females; mean age of 62) with chronic movement disorders from a movement disorders clinic. Patients completed measures of depression, anxiety, functional impairment, and self-perceived burden.

Results

Functional impairment was associated with depression, but not anxiety, and was mediated by self-perceived burden for individuals with chronic movement disorders.

Conclusions

Self-perceived burden may have an important role relative to individuals’ adaptation to chronic illness with implications for future interventions.