Study performed at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00880152.
Effects of Participation in a Mindfulness Program for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Version of Record online: 28 AUG 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 14–27, January 2013
How to Cite
Kearney, D. J., McDermott, K., Malte, C., Martinez, M. and Simpson, T. L. (2013), Effects of Participation in a Mindfulness Program for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. J. Clin. Psychol., 69: 14–27. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21911
- Issue online: 11 DEC 2012
- Version of Record online: 28 AUG 2012
- posttraumatic stress disorder;
To assess outcomes associated with Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for veterans with PTSD.
Forty-seven veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; 37 male, 32 Caucasian) were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU; n = 22), or MBSR plus TAU (n = 25). PTSD, depression, and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 4-month follow-up. Standardized effect sizes and the proportion with clinically meaningful changes in outcomes were calculated.
Intention-to-treat analyses found no reliable effects of MBSR on PTSD or depression. Mental HRQOL improved posttreatment but there was no reliable effect at 4 months. At 4-month follow-up, more veterans randomized to MBSR had clinically meaningful change in mental HRQOL, and in both mental HRQOL and PTSD symptoms. Completer analyses (≥ 4 classes attended) showed medium to large between group effect sizes for depression, mental HRQOL, and mindfulness skills.
Additional studies are warranted to assess MBSR for veterans with PTSD.