Cognitive Processing of Trauma and Attitudes Toward Disclosure in the First Six Months After Military Deployment
Article first published online: 26 OCT 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 69, Issue 3, pages 209–221, March 2013
How to Cite
Currier, J. M., Lisman, R., Irene Harris, J., Tait, R. and Erbes, C. R. (2013), Cognitive Processing of Trauma and Attitudes Toward Disclosure in the First Six Months After Military Deployment. J. Clin. Psychol., 69: 209–221. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21930
- Issue published online: 5 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 26 OCT 2012
- military combat;
- cognitive processing;
- posttraumatic growth
To examine the role of cognitive processing and attitudes toward trauma disclosure among newly returned veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
In total, 110 veterans completed the Cognitive Processing of Trauma Scale, Disclosure of Trauma Questionnaire, and assessments of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, and posttraumatic growth (PTG).
Both maladaptive and adaptive processing were the strongest predictors of PTSS and depression, ßs = .21 to .38. However, urge to discuss trauma was the main predictor of PTG, ß = .53. Correlational findings suggested that veterans’ willingness to discuss their traumas and reactivity to doing so were related with their processing of these experiences, rs = .23 to .40.
This study provides further support for the critical intersection between cognitive processing and disclosure, while also suggesting the need for more research on the intra- and inter-personal dimensions of these constructs in negative and constructive outcomes after trauma.