Shared Pathogeneses of Posttrauma Pathologies: Attachment, Emotion Regulation, and Cognitions
Article first published online: 2 NOV 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 69, Issue 7, pages 737–748, July 2013
How to Cite
Lilly, M. M. and Hong (Phylice) Lim, B. (2013), Shared Pathogeneses of Posttrauma Pathologies: Attachment, Emotion Regulation, and Cognitions. J. Clin. Psychol., 69: 737–748. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21934
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 2 NOV 2012
- interpersonal trauma;
To demonstrate how intrapersonal functioning variables related to attachment, cognition, and emotion are implicated in mental health outcomes for two samples of interpersonal trauma survivors, including undergraduates and women from the community.
Two samples of survivors of interpersonal trauma were included: undergraduates (n = 290, 60% female) and intimate partner violence survivors from the community (n = 114). Participants completed self-report measures that assessed psychopathology, emotion dysregulation, attachment processes, and cognitions about the world, self, and others.
Emotion dysregulation was strongly linked to symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and somatization in both samples. Cognitions also accounted for unique variance in predicting symptoms of depression and somatization in both samples.
Results suggest that disruption in the ability to regulate emotions is the most consistent predictor of mental health in survivors of interpersonal trauma, followed by cognitions regarding the world, self, and others. Treatment implications are discussed.