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Trait Mindfulness, Repression, Suppression, and Self-Reported Mood and Stress Symptoms Among Women With Breast Cancer


Please address correspondence to: Dr. Rie Tamagawa, 2202 2nd St. S.W. Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2S 3C1. E-mail:



This study sought to identify relationships between trait mindfulness, repressive, and suppressive emotional styles, and the relative importance of these traits in their association with self-reported psychological health among women with breast cancer.


Of the 277 women with breast cancer accrued in the study, 227 (81.9%) completed a set of questionnaires assessing personality traits, stress symptoms, and mood.


High levels of mindfulness were associated with fewer stress-related symptoms and less mood disturbance, while high levels of suppression were associated with poorer self-reported health.


Individuals’ dispositional ways to manage negative emotions were associated with the experience of symptoms and aversive moods. Helping patients cultivate mindful insights and reduce deliberate emotional inhibition may be a useful focus for psycho-oncological interventions.