This research was supported in part by funding from the National Institute of Mental Health (1P30MH082760, T32MH073517, K23MH077071), the Resource Centers for Minority Aging/Center for Health Improvement of Minority Elderly (2P30AG021684), and the UCLA/Drew Project Export (2P20MD000182). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Mental Health or the National Institutes of Health.
Poverty and Mental Health: How Do Low-Income Adults and Children Fare in Psychotherapy?
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 69, Issue 2, pages 115–126, February 2013
How to Cite
Santiago, C. D., Kaltman, S. and Miranda, J. (2013), Poverty and Mental Health: How Do Low-Income Adults and Children Fare in Psychotherapy?. J. Clin. Psychol., 69: 115–126. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21951
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Numbers: 1P30MH082760, T32MH073517, K23MH077071
- Resource Centers for Minority Aging/Center for Health Improvement of Minority Elderly. Grant Number: 2P30AG021684
- UCLA/Drew Project Export. Grant Number: 2P20MD000182
Poverty is associated with an increased risk for psychological problems. Even with this increased risk for mental health problems and need for care, many low-income adults and families do not receive treatment because of logistical, attitudinal, and systemic barriers. Despite significant barriers to obtaining care, research suggests that low-income individuals show significant benefit from evidence-based mental healthcare. In this article, we review the link between poverty and mental health, common barriers to obtaining mental health services, and treatment studies that have been conducted with low-income groups. Finally, we discuss the implications of the research reviewed and offer recommendations for clinicians working with low-income children or adults, highlighting the importance of evidence-based care, extensive outreach, and empathic respect.