Is There a Family Profile of Addictive Behaviors? Family Functioning in Anorexia Nervosa and Drug Dependence Disorder

Authors

  • Karyn Doba,

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Unit on Cognitive and Affective Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of North of France
    2. Medical and Psychological Clinic, Foundation Health Students from France
    • Please address correspondence to: Karyn Doba, Université de Lille 3, Département de Psychologie, Domaine du Pont de Bois, 59653 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. E-mail: Karyn.doba@univ-lille3.fr

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  • Jean-Louis Nandrino,

    1. Research Unit on Cognitive and Affective Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of North of France
    2. Medical and Psychological Clinic, Foundation Health Students from France
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  • Vicent Dodin,

    1. Medical Hospital of Saint-Vincent (GHICL)
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  • Pascal Antoine

    1. Research Unit on Cognitive and Affective Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of North of France
    2. Medical Hospital of Saint-Vincent (GHICL)
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Abstract

Objectives

The objective of the study was to determine whether family profiles differ between patients with anorexia nervosa or drug dependence disorder.

Method

25 families of patients with anorexia nervosa and 26 families of patients with drug dependence disorder responded to a battery of self-reports (Interpersonal Dependence Inventory, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, and Family Questionnaire).

Results

A lack of social self-confidence was observed in patients with anorexia nervosa or drug dependence disorder and their parents. Family disturbances characterized by low cohesion and emotional reliance on another person were observed in the families of patients with anorexia nervosa or drug dependence disorder.

Conclusions

The present study suggests that there are differing levels of severity of family disturbances among fathers, mothers, and patients in both anorexia nervosa and drug dependence disorder.

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