The Metacognitions About Desire Thinking Questionnaire: Development and Psychometric Properties
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 69, Issue 12, pages 1284–1298, December 2013
How to Cite
Caselli, G. and Spada, M. M. (2013), The Metacognitions About Desire Thinking Questionnaire: Development and Psychometric Properties. J. Clin. Psychol., 69: 1284–1298. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21999
- Issue published online: 23 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2013
- alcohol abuse;
- desire thinking;
Recent research has suggested that specific metacognitions may play a role in the activation and escalation of desire thinking and craving. The goal of this research project was to develop the first self-report instrument of metacognitions about desire thinking.
We conducted three studies with nonclinical samples (N = 213, N = 279, N = 60) to construct the Metacognitions about Desire Thinking Questionnaire (MDTQ) and test its structure and psychometric properties. A fourth study was added to test the predictive validity of MDTQ in a sample of alcohol abusers (N = 75).
Explorative and confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3-factor solution: positive metacognitions about desire thinking, negative metacognitions about desire thinking, and need to control desire related thoughts. Internal consistency, divergent validity, temporal stability were also examined in a community sample and predictive validity was confirmed even in a sample of alcohol abusers.
The MDTQ was shown to possess good psychometric properties, as well as divergent and predictive validity within the populations that were tested.