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Mindfulness Training in a Heterogeneous Psychiatric Sample: Outcome Evaluation and Comparison of Different Diagnostic Groups

Authors

  • Elisabeth H. Bos,

    Corresponding author
    1. Lentis Mental Health Organization, Center for Integrative Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
    2. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, University Center for Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
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  • Ria Merea,

    1. Lentis Mental Health Organization, Center for Integrative Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
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  • Erik van den Brink,

    1. Lentis Mental Health Organization, Center for Integrative Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
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  • Robbert Sanderman,

    1. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Health Psychology Section, Groningen, the Netherlands
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  • Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis

    1. Lentis Mental Health Organization, Center for Integrative Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
    2. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, University Center for Psychiatry, Groningen, the Netherlands
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Abstract

Objectives

To examine outcome after mindfulness training in a heterogeneous psychiatric outpatient population and to compare outcome in different diagnostic groups.

Method

One hundred and forty-three patients in 5 diagnostic categories completed questionnaires about psychological symptoms, quality of life, and mindfulness skills prior to and immediately after treatment.

Results

The mixed patient group as a whole improved significantly on all outcome measures. Differential improvement was found for different diagnostic categories with respect to psychological symptoms and quality of life: Bipolar patients did not improve significantly on these measures. This finding could be explained by longer illness duration and lower baseline severity in the bipolar category.

Conclusion

Mindfulness training is associated with overall improvement in a heterogeneous outpatient population. Differences in outcome between diagnostic categories may be ascribed to differences in illness duration and baseline severity.

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