Co-Occurring Eating and Psychiatric Symptoms in Taiwanese College Students: Effects of Gender and Parental Factors


  • This work was supported by the grants from the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH92-S07) and the National Health Research Institute (NHRI-EX100-10008PI), Taiwan. The manuscript preparation was partially supported by the grants from the National Science Council (NSC 99-2410-H-002 -094 and NSC 100-2410-H-002 -039 -MY2), Taiwan.



To test whether gender and parental factors moderate the relationships between symptoms of eating disorder (ED) and other psychiatric symptoms.


A total of 5,015 new entrants completed several questionnaires and 541individuals with ED symptoms were identified by the Adult Self-Report Inventory-4 that assessed a wide range of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition psychopathology. The participants also reported on their parents’ attitude toward them before their ages of 16.


ED symptoms, female gender, less parental care, and more parental protection were associated with more severe co-occurring psychiatric symptoms. Gender and parental factors also demonstrated differential moderating effects on the relationships between ED and co-occurring psychiatric symptoms.


Parenting counseling may be individualized to young adults with ED symptoms and different co-occurring psychiatric symptoms.