Linking social cohesion and gender to intrapersonal and interactional empowerment: Support and new implications for theory
Article first published online: 20 JAN 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Community Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 2, pages 233–244, March 2005
How to Cite
Peterson, N. A., Lowe, J. B., Aquilino, M. L. and Schneider, J. E. (2005), Linking social cohesion and gender to intrapersonal and interactional empowerment: Support and new implications for theory. J. Community Psychol., 33: 233–244. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20047
- Issue published online: 20 JAN 2005
- Article first published online: 20 JAN 2005
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Grant Number: U48/CCU720075
- Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs. Grant Numbers: MRP 020111, IIR 020111
Empowerment is a social-action process through which people gain greater control, efficacy, and social justice. One way to develop empowerment is through active, meaningful participation in community groups and activities. Social cohesion is an emerging construct that expands the notion of community participation to include elements such as shared emotional commitment and reciprocity. This study extended previous research by examining the role of gender in the relationship between social cohesion and the intrapersonal and interactional components of psychological empowerment among a randomly selected sample of rural residents (n = 408). Findings support previous studies on intrapersonal empowerment but refute research on interactional empowerment. Implications for empowerment theory and practice are discussed. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comm Psychol 33: 233–244, 2005.